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Rabu, 22 Februari 2017

INTERNET DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA

Internet network is popular Indonesia since the late of 1980s, where there was a network linking five universities with dial up facility known as UNINET. The fifth of the university is the University of Indonesia, the Open University, Bandung Institute of Technology, Gadjah Mada University, and the Institute of Technology 10 November.  But the network was not developed because of the lack of adequate infrastructure. The following is the development of the internet in Indonesia.
1.   1986 – 1987,  began in the early writings emergence of the Internet in Indonesia who came from amateur radio activities, especially in the Amateur Radio Club (ARC) ITB. With a capital in HF transceivers Kenwood TS430 air by using the Apple II computer, a young dozen of  ITB studies radio packet on 40 m band is then pushed on TCP / IP. the perpetrators of Indonesian amateur radio network linking amateur Bulletin Board System (BBS), which is also an e-mail network of stores and forward connecting many "Server" BBS radio amateurs around the world to e-mail can proceed smoothly.
2. 1989 - 1990, starting from the first mailing list, namely indonesia@janus.berkeley.edu which is discussion place among students Indonesian students who are abroad. This is where the idea of ​​alternative along with public awareness began to grow. Pattern this mailing list began to grow rapidly, especially on the host server and egroups.com ITB. Mailing list finally developed into one of the means very  strategic development Internet community in Indonesia. in early 1990, the community between Onno W.Purbo, which was then in Canada by dialing YC1DAV / VE3, with fellow colleagues amateur radio in Indonesia is done by using a network of amateur radio. using equipment PC / XT and walkie talkike measuring 2 meters, using a network of amateur radio is communication  between Indonesia and Canada can be conducted smoothly.
3.   1992 - 1994. The radio packet technology TCP / IP adopted by BPPT, LAPAN, UI and ITB later become the foundation of the Net community. AMPR-net (Amateur Packet Radio Network) using the first IP on the internet known AMPR.ORG domain and IP 44 132. BPPT operate gateway packet radio that works on a band of 70 cm by using PC 386 and the DOS operating system, which runs a program NOS used as a gateway packet radio TCP / IP.

4.   1994 - 1995. This year began operating the first commercial ISP in Indonesia, namely IndoNet. the initial connection to the internet is done by using a dial-up by IndoNet.  Early, access to IndoNet text mode with Shell Account, lyxn browser, and e-mail client pipe on AIX servers. began in 1995, some BBS in Indonesia, like Clarissa, providing services to foreign telnet access using a remote browser lynx in the US,  internet user  in Indonesia can access the internet (HTTP).  Since 1994, the Internet entered Indonesia with ID Top Level Domain (TLD ID) primary UUNET server built in the USA, and then transferred to the server ADFA. Two-level domain or SLD (Second Lavel Domain) built also to register domain ac.id, co.id, go.id, and or.id. to connect to the Internet required the provision of internet access service called ISP (Internet Service Provider). Indonesia's officials ISP obtain permission from komenkominfo in the shade APJII (organizers of the Association of Indonesian Internet Service). APJII formed at the first national conference on 15 May 1996, whose job doing some key programs are considered strategic for the development of Indonesian Internet network.@@@
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